The information in these “Hedgehogpedia” pages comes from Wikipedia. All I’ve done is divide it up into sections. The original article can be found here
A hedgehog is any of the spiny mammals of the subfamily Erinaceinae and the order Erinaceomorpha. There are 16 species of hedgehog in five genera, found through parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, and New Zealand. There are no hedgehogs native to Australia, and no living species native to North America; those in New Zealand are introduced. Hedgehogs have changed little over the last 15 million years. Like many of the first mammals they have adapted to a nocturnal, insectivorous way of life. The name ‘hedgehog’ came into use around the year 1450, derived from the Middle English ‘heyghoge’, from ‘heyg’, ‘hegge’ = hedge, because it frequents hedgerows, and ‘hoge’, ‘hogge’ = hog, from its piglike snout. Other folk names include ‘urchin’, ‘hedgepig’ and ‘furze-pig’ .